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Bio-Facilities
Bio Power Plant
 
 
Bio-Power, or biomass power, is the use of biomass to generate electricity. There are six major types of Bio-Power systems: direct-fired, cofiring, gasification, anaerobic digestion, pyrolysis, and small, modular.

Most of the Bio-Power plants in the world use direct-fired systems. They burn Bio-Energy feedstocks directly to produce steam. A turbine usually captures this steam, and a generator then converts it into electricity. In some industries, the steam from the power plant is also used for manufacturing processes or to heat buildings. These are known as combined heat and power facilities. For instance, wood waste is often used to produce both electricity and steam at paper mills.

Gasification systems use high temperatures and an oxygen-starved environment to convert biomass into a gas (a mixture of hydrogen, carbon monoxide, and methane). The gas fuels what is called a gas turbine, which is very much like a jet engine, only it turns an electric generator instead of propelling a jet.
 
 
Bio-Refinery
 
 
A Bio-Refinery is a facility that integrates biomass conversion processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, and chemicals from biomass. The Bio-Refinery concept is analogous to today's petroleum refineries, which produce multiple fuels and products from petroleum. Industrial Bio-Refineries have been identified as the most promising route to the creation of a new domestic Bio based industry.

By producing multiple products, a Bio-Refinery can take advantage of the differences in biomass components and intermediates and maximize the value derived from the biomass feedstock. A Bio-Refinery might, for example, produce one or several low-volume, but high-value, chemical products and a low-value, but high-volume liquid transportation fuel, while generating electricity and process heat for its own use and perhaps enough for sale of electricity. The high-value products enhance profitability, the high-volume fuel helps meet national energy needs, and the power production reduces costs and avoids greenhouse-gas emissions.
 
 
 
Bio - Energy Times is an attempt to capture and share ideas and efforts from across the globe in the domain of clean energy , with a specific emphasis on Bio Energy.

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